Homelessness Prevention starts with “early intervention”!

Featured

March 8, 2014 – Los Angeles, CA:  My last post was in early January, so it has been at least two months since I felt motivated to sit down and share some thoughts. Basically, it has been a non-stop marathon of media articles about “the homeless,” either good news or bad news, depending upon which homeless populations you are rooting for, so-to-speak. In other words, veteran homelessness and chronic homelessness appear to be decreasing in many communities, i.e., efforts across the country to get chronically homeless individuals and vets and their families into housing at rents they can afford appear to be seeing some successful outcomes. Alternatively, family homelessness is “up” and continues to rise in some communities, particularly in large urban areas such as New York City and Los Angeles County. But small towns and cities are affected too, as funding for family shelters is decreased or even terminated in poorly throught-out efforts to adapt rapid-rehousing strategies into existing Continuums of Care.

The news articles and Op Ed pieces have been almost non-stop, as I read both the NY Times and LA Times daily – and then the Huffington Post. Having been one of the leading strategists (read “social innovators”) in efforts to end homelessness in Amercia for over 30 years now, I can only deplore the deep mess that we have gotten ourselves into. My efforts have primarily targeted homeless families (Beyond Shelter), but also individuals and the chronically homeless (A Community of Friends - the first permanent  supportive housing intiative in the country).

As evidenced by national initiatives that have been promoted by prime movers in the field (I include myself here), we often know what we are doing. But sometimes even we can get confused. I am going to say loud and clear here, for anyone who reads this, that strategies to address chronic homelessness are NOT the same strategies you apply to successfully decrease and hopefully to end  family homelessness. Just this week, I was reviewing some assessment tools adapted from screening for chronic homeless populations  and was literally taken aback at the language used and questions posed for an adult head-of-household in a homeless family with children. I repeat, THE STRATEGIES ARE NOT THE SAME! But that is for another blog, coming soon, I promise.

This particular blog is to share my thoughts about the article today in the L.A. Times,  L.A. & Orange counies are an epicenter of overcrowding - Emily Alpert Reyes & Ryan Menezes [March 8, 2014]. The article caught my attention and motivated me to share my thoughts because the focus of my work over the past two years has been on the prevention of family homelessness through “early intervention” and appropriate and timely responses to housing problems of low-income families.

One of the primary indicators of housing instability is overcrowded living conditions – and the majority of families who seek homeless services from government-funded Continuums of Care and other homeless services providers are leaving overcrowded conditions in which family members or friends were “helping them out during a housing crisis.” Rather than wait until a family is “eligible” for homelesness prevention services or family shelters and rapid rehousing programs, mainstream systems who serve them (Head Start, public schools, family service agencies, child welfare programs, health clinics and hospitals, workforce development centers, community college systems, etc.) should be providing that service, or group of services, that help families with children address crises related to their housing condition before they escalate!

Meanwhile, please read an excerpt from the L.A. Times article and then the entire article, if you believe, as I do, that we are maybe attacking the problem from the wrong end of the continuum:

Southern California is an epicenter for crowded housing: Out of the most  heavily crowded 1% of census tracts across the country, more than half are in  Los Angeles and Orange counties, a Times  statistical analysis found. They are sprinkled throughout areas such as  Westlake and Huntington Park around Los Angeles, and Santa Ana and Anaheim in  Orange County.

From the outside looking in, it is a largely invisible phenomenon. Places  such as Maywood and Huntington Park, south of Los Angeles, look little like the  high-rises of Chicago or Boston. Yet behind the closed doors of small bungalows  or squat apartment buildings, they are home to thousands more people per square  mile than those large cities.

“This is an example of poverty that can go unseen in our communities,” said  Jason Mandell, United Way of Greater Los Angeles spokesman. “It’s easy to miss  if you’re not paying attention.”

http://www.latimes.com/local/la-me-crowding-0140308,0,6827011.story#ixzz2vO3xrwpl

If you are interested in learning more about the Partnering for Change National Housing Stability Assessment Initiative, please contact us. And don’t think the problem is too great to successfully address! It is that kind of thinking that gets us nowhere…

Tanya Tull, President/CEO – Partnering for Change

Homeless problem bigger than our leaders think!

Featured

January 17, 2014: I have been planning a first post for the new year, but have been overwhelmed by the plethora of news reports and commentary about cuts in services and resources across the board, so-to-speak – and all of this in the midst of enduring and entrenched poverty in America. I am extremely motivated, however, to post this commentary by Maria Foscarinis of the National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty, contradicting recent reports by the Federal government on the decrease in homeless numbers nationally.  Many of us who work in the field continue to be astounded at the inaccurate and erroneous reporting on the issue and applaud Maria’s willingness, as always, to step forward. Here is her commentary in its entirety – and I sincerely hope that you will read it:

Report misleads on those without shelter.

The Great Recession is causing continued hardship for many Americans. Yet a recent report found that homelessness is down.  I wish that were true. The research, from the Department of Housing and Urban Development, says homelessness decreased by nearly 4% over the past year. But it doesn’t actually measure homelessness.

Instead, it looks at  people who are in shelters or transitional housing and the number of people who are outside on a single January night. Not included are those doubled up or couch surfing  because they can’t afford their own place. Neither are people in hospitals, mental health or substance abuse centers, jails or prisons with nowhere to go upon release.

One night?

The problem isn’t just the count’s narrow scope; its methods are flawed. For the count of people in shelters and transitional housing, service providers report their numbers on the designated night. But this just measures capacity. If the number goes down, this could mean either fewer homeless or fewer beds for them. The “street” part of the count tries to measure unmet need by counting people in places “not meant for human habitation,” such as streets, parks, alleys, subway tunnels, all-night movie theaters, abandoned buildings, roofs, stairwells, caves, campgrounds and vehicles.

HUD sets the guidelines, but communities have discretion in how they count. A few use sophisticated statistical methods. Most simply organize volunteers to fan out and make judgments about who is homeless, avoiding locations where they feel unsafe. How even the best prepared volunteers can cover large expanses in a few hours is anyone’s guess. Local policies can also affect the count. For example, cities are increasingly making it a crime to sleep in public places. If the street count goes down, is it because need is down or because there is greater cause to fear arrest, driving people further into hiding?

Punishing the homeless

Similarly, in some cities, families seeking shelter can be threatened with removal of their children; families living outside have extra incentive to avoid detection.

To its credit, the Obama administration has made a commitment to ending homelessness and, to measure progress, it needs data. Methods pioneered in New York City that statistically adjust for the built-in inaccuracies of the “street” count could significantly improve it. But the data must not only be accurate; they must also be the right data, and that’s the larger issue. Homelessness happens over time, not on a single night — and it reflects a deeper crisis.

According to Harvard’s Joint Center for Housing Studies, low-income households suffer an unprecedented housing cost burden, forcing many to choose between rent and food. Too often, homelessness is the result. Another reason to doubt HUD’s reporting: On Thursday,  the Department of Veterans Affairs released statistics showing that homelessness among Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans is sharply rising despite new efforts to help them.

Ending homelessness requires closing the gap between the need for housing and its availability. It requires recognizing housing as a basic human right, and enacting policies to ensure it is available.

Homelessness can and must be ended. But it won’t be if our leaders report that there is no crisis. Maria Foscarinis

 _______________________________________

Please share this post. Here is the link:  http://usat.ly/1dVesgo. It is vital that the public is educated and informed! Thank you.

Tanya Tull, President/CEO – Partnering for Change

Two Americas….even during this Holiday season

Featured

December 8, 2013: I was planning on posting about my recent visit to Salem, Oregon, to speak at a public forum convened in response to the loss of family shelter units during this cold winter season. Watching the concern of the citizens of this capital city of Oregon gave me hope for the future. Imagine if - city by city, town by town, community by community – we all began to stand together in solidarity to say, “That’s enough! We will not stand idly by while other members of our community are smashed slowly but systematically into the ground, left without help, without hope that their lives can get better!”

And I will write about my experience in Salem and how their efforts have energized me to keep going later on. But first, I must share an impromptu but deeply thought-provoking speech about the divide between rich and poor in America given at the Festival of Dangerous Ideas in Sydney, Australia, by David Simon, creator of “The Wire.”  His presentation has diverted my feelings of hope in the future back to feelings of frustration and despair. And while it would be nice to simply enjoy the stories in the news media during this Holiday season about people reaching out to share with those in need – these caring but seasonal efforts are simply not enough! They may help one feel good for awhile, but the needs of the poor in our country continue when the Holiday season ends – and those needs often worsen as the days go by.

Please take the time to read this edited extract of his argument that capitalism in this country has lost sight of its social compact. And please share it with your village and community.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/dec/08/david-simon-capitalism-marx-two-americas-wire

Tanya Tull, President/CEO – Partnering for Change

Poverty in America Is Mainstream…

Featured

November 3, 2013: I had not planned on putting up a new blog today – but after reading this piece in the New York Times “Week in Review” section this morning by Mark R. Rank, a professor of social welfare at Washington University, I wanted to share it. The article basically takes on the myths associated with poverty, concluding that “Poverty is ultimately a result of failings at economic and political levels rather than individual shortcomings.” Here is just a sampling:

Few topics in American society have more myths and stereotypes surrounding them than poverty, misconceptions that distort both our politics and our domestic policy making…. They include the notion that poverty affects a relatively small number of Americans, that the poor are impoverished for years at a time, that most of those in poverty live in inner cities, that too much welfare assistance is provided and that poverty is ultimately a result of not working hard enough. Although pervasive, each assumption is flat-out wrong….

Contrary to popular belief, the percentage of the population that directly encounters poverty is exceedingly high. My research indicates that nearly 40 percent of Americans between the ages of 25 and 60 will experience at least one year below the official poverty line during that period ($23,492 for a family of four), and 54 percent will spend a year in poverty or near poverty (below 150 percent of the poverty line). Even more astounding, if we add in related conditions like welfare use, near-poverty and unemployment, four out of five Americans will encounter one or more of these events.

I get what the author is trying to say, and in many ways I have to agree (please read full article: link above). It also seems that empathy for the poor might depend upon one’s own experiences of poverty. While this is certainly not true of the philanthropists who give because they care, I think that much work must be be done by those who have kept silent while the “criminalization of poverty” continues to escalate across the country.  Please consider your own experiences through life – or those of family and friends – and then try to answer this question: How do we help bridge the gap between the false perceptions of poverty even of the most liberal among us - and the reality of rungs on the ladder that differ based on one’s race and class?

Tanya Tull, President/CEO – Partnering for Change

Family Homelessness & the Human Right to Housing

Featured

The 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that “Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.” Governments have the responsibility to enact systems and controls that promote the progressive realization of these human rights – and that do not impede the progressive realization of human rights.

Homelessness and housing policymakers, practitioners, and advocates are using the human rights commitments made by the U.S. government to reframe the domestic policy conversation around homelessness. From federal reports recognizing criminalization of homelessness as a human rights treaty violation to local ordinances recognizing housing as a human right to international critiques by human rights monitors, there are many ways to participate in this movement for human rights.

On Wednesday, October 9, we conducted a new webinar on “Family Homelessness & the Human Right to Housing,” which will be repeated this Winter. The goal is to help advocates and practitioners in child and family services to better understand the connection between their work and that of human rights advocacy, and particularly the right to adequate housing.

Guest Presenter Eric Tars, Director of Human Rights and Children’s Rights Programs at the National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty, provided an overview of successes achieved through the right to housing movement internationally and a review of efforts in the United States. We presented some examples of local advocacy and made the link between Housing First and Rapid Rehousing initiatives and the “progressive realization of the human right to housing.”

Child and family services organizations, in addition to homelessness and housing policymakers, practitioners, and advocates, should become knowledgeable about human rights commitments made by the U.S. government through international treaties – and use that knowledge to support their efforts.

Tanya Tull – President/CEO, Partnering for Change

UN Special Rapporteur on the Human Right to Adequate Housing, Raquel Rolnik, with Tanya Tull, speaking to a young mother with baby in her arms who pays $450 monthly for a bunkbed in a small room shared with other families in an illegal “shelter” in South Central L.A. that has since been closed down. (Inspection in U.S. in November 2009)

Better Late than Never!

Featured

August 31, 2013: Two articles this morning, the first in the L.A. Times and the second in the N.Y. Times, lend credibility to two of the key initiatives promoted by Partnering for Change. Links to each article are posted below:

Poverty can lower IQ (L.A. Times, August 31, 2013) New research lends support to the idea that many behaviors linked to being poor — using less preventive healthcare, having higher obesity rates, being less attentive parents and making poor financial decisions — may be caused by poverty rather than the other way around.  The findings, published in Friday’s edition of the journal Science, indicate that an urgent need — making rent, getting money for food — tugs at the attention so much that it can reduce the brainpower of anyone who experiences it, regardless of innate intelligence or personality. As a result, many social welfare programs set up to help the poor could backfire by adding more complexity to their lives….”I think it’s a game changer,” said Kathleen Vohs, a behavioral scientist at the University of Minnesota’s Carlson School of Management, who wasn’t involved with the study….There’s a widespread tendency to assume that poor people don’t have money because they are lazy, unmotivated or just not that sharp, said study coauthor Sendhil Mullainathan, a behavioral economist at Harvard University….. Last year, he and his colleagues published work in Science showing that when people are forced to focus on a pressing financial problem like a looming utility bill, they develop tunnel vision and ignore their long-term goals.

Partnering for Change: These findings mirror what practitioners of “housing first” for families have experienced for years: Housing first motivates and engages previously immobilized and depressed parents – providing the first rungs on a ladder that can help families climb out of poverty. Please see PFC’s initiative:  Housing First for Families

Making the Safety Net More Visible (N.Y. Times, August 31, 2013) is subtitled: Philadelphia Tries to Put Services Within Reach of Those in Need. This article describes how in North Philadelphia, one of the poorest sections of the city, as many as 65 percent of individuals in some neighborhoods meet the guidelines for the Community Services Block Grant, a federal program that funds local agencies providing services to low-income communities, according to 2010 census data. But with an array of public and private agencies providing different services in different locations, many poor people here are not getting the assistance available to them that could help them find work or qualify for benefits. In response, Philadelphia initiated an effort this summer that offers “one-stop shopping” in local outreach centers to help people get all the assistance they need — with food, housing, job training, financial counseling, child care and other services — in one place.

Partnering for Change: Please see PFC’s initiative: Neighborhood-based Services Coordination.

For maximum social impact, rather than trying to re-invent the wheel each time, perhaps translating the key components of people-centered practices into a common language can help localities to adapt their current systems to those that have been proven to work. After all, it’s not rocket science.

Tanya Tull, ScD – Partnering for Change

 

Sleeping on the streets in Philadelphia…

Featured

About 12 people sleep outside a Philadelphia housing office. (credit: Jim Melwert)Homeless Mothers, Children Sleep Outside Philly Housing Office

(August 21, 2013) Families on the streets of our grand cities should not come as a surprise. Families forced to sleep on the streets of New York made the news last Spring….and homeless families hide on the  streets of Los Angeles every night.

Families with children are “the hidden homeless” and our social policies continue to fail them. It must seem somewhat confusing to the public at-large that homeless families are forced to “make a stand” to bring attention to their plight. Most people believe that our government has “programs to help” and if you engage them in discussion about poverty, low incomes, and the high cost of rent, they still believe deep in their hearts that it is “personal failure” that causes poverty, with some people just destined to be poor. It’s difficult to convince them that homeless families represent just the “tip of the iceberg” of entrenched poverty and suffering for increasing numbers of families in America – caused by a civil society that has chosen to “ignore” them in the hopes that they will keep quiet and eventually go away.

And so I praise these mothers for sharing their desperation by coming out into the glare of publicity as they have. Rental housing that is affordable  provides the vital base that enables parents to make the right decisions, to care properly for their children, to make plans for the future, to help a child with homework, to prepare healthy food for her family, to keep seeking that elusive job…. Our government could easily remedy this situation by expanding access to rent subsidizes, at least while a family gets back on their feet. Current poorly-funded programs have demonstrated that this works, but the majority of families who might qualify cannot access this support. If our government does not want to recognize the man-made disaster in front of them, then they must repair the tattered “safety net” dismantled in the 1990′s through Welfare Reform.  When their incomes are too low to afford the rent, when paychecks barely cover food and child care, when no matter how loud you cry for help, no one hears you and no one cares…then you should probably sleep on the streets and make the rest of us your voice!  Kudos!!!

Link to CBS coverage: http://philadelphia.cbslocal.com/2013/08/21/with-nowhere-else-to-turn-homeless-mothers-and-kids-sleep-outside-philadelphia-housing-office/

Tanya Tull, ScD – Partnering for Change

Poverty Alleviation: The Key to Ending Homelessness in America

Featured

August 19, 2013: There is yet another article on the federal government’s new focus on Rapid Rehousing, and it’s an article that requires a careful reading between the lines: Rapid Rehousing: A New Way to Head Off Homelessness. The article personalizes the experience of a formerly homeless mother in Washington, D.C. who has been assisted in relocating her family from shelter to a rental apartment, with a time-limited rent subsidy as part of the program. In order to break the “cycle of dependency,” the rent subsidy ends after a to-be-determined period of time (often just months, dependent upon a variety of factors), and the family  then takes on full rent themselves. The expectation is that participants in Rapid Rehousing programs can find work if they would just try harder – and that a long-term rent subsidy breeds dependency and inaction. Considering the rental market in most big cities today and continuing high unemployment rates (which often result in periods of homelessness for families that had previously been fairly stable), this scenario, while seemingly quite reasonable for perhaps the majority of families, is in reality for many others quite Kafka-esque.

But this is the sentence that stands out for me the most, a quote from David A. Berns, the director of the District’s Department of Human Services: “The program is about ending homelessness, not solving the problems of poverty.” That statement sounds good on the surface – and in fact I have made similar statements in presentations around the country for years – but it no longer stands up under scrutiny, not in today’s environment. I have also said for many years, however, that “homelessness is but the most visible sign of increasing poverty in America.”

Let me just state this fact: In order to end homelessness, we must focus at the same time on ending poverty! These are tightly linked issues – and cannot be separated. In other words, if you expect someone to have enough money to pay their own rent, then you better ensure that they have access to employment at a living wage, transportation, childcare, and opportunity to move forward with a quality of life – and all of this from a stable housing base!

As the original visionary behind the Housing First approach to ending family homelessness (the model that led eventually to the Rapid Rehousing program described above), I stand firmly behind that statement because I believe that you cannot do the first without a concerted focus on the second. My entire 30-year career has been based on two firm premises: (1) Housing is a basic human right (not just for those who have the ability to pay for it) and (2) stable housing provides the base for successful outcomes in all other areas of human effort. In other words, stable housing provides the base for improved outcomes of services delivery within all other systems – those same systems that help pull people up from poverty! Studies have shown that housing instability can negatively impact successful outcomes in schools, of health care treatment (including mental health treatment and addiction recovery programs), of child welfare services, of child and family services programs, of job training programs and workforce development, and of a wide array of diverse specialized services operating in communities to help improve the social and economic well-being of residents of a community.

And so for me the game is on….Will you join me? Tanya Tull, ScD – Partnering for Change

Poverty as a Childhood Disease

Featured

August 6, 2013: Although these problems are not new, it seems that I have been reading weekly in the news about increasing poverty in America among families with children….I’m sure that if I listed links to recent articles just over the past few months here that it would astonish most readers when seeing them en masse. One would be tempted to believe, in fact, that the issue of childhood poverty and its impacts on society would be at the forefront of public debate. . . but the opposite is true.

The issue is not at the forefront of public debate. Instead, we are outraged and offended by daily acts of violence reported by news media, often with the question “Why?” We blame adults for their behavior and we blame young adults too, when their behaviors simply personify the poor outcomes of negligent social policies. The results could easily have been anticipated; research has been tracking these issues for years. Instead of asking “Why?”, what I would  like to see instead is more attention paid to the research – more media articles that link the failures of our society to provide adequate supports to families raising children in increasingly difficult economic times to the adults their children sometimes become, who make the news due to anti-social, dysfunctional, or criminal behavior.

There is a multitude of well-researched studies linking adult behavior to diverse impacts of our emotional, nutritional, and physical environments from birth through early adulthood. Why do we continue to be outraged and offended by the actions of adults whom we failed when they were helpless children? We should instead blame the voting public and political leadership that valued big business over children, lobbyists over homeless advocates, the rich over the poor, the educated over the uneducated, white over black. . .I will be adding more links as they come across my desk….                Tanya Tull, ScD – Partnering for Change

Poverty as a childhood disease - Perri Klass, M.D. (May 13, 2013) NY Times

America squanders its human capital - Susan Ochshorn (August 5, 2013) LA Times

‘Town Without Pity’ – Poverty Blame Game - Charles M. Blow (August 10, 2013) NY Times

Losing Ground: Tucson Kids Pay Poverty’s High Price – Stephanie Innes (August 4, 2013) Arizona Daily Star

Homeless Mothers, Children Sleep Outside Philly Housing Office - Denise Nakano & David Change (August 21, 2013) NBC10 Philadelphia

 

“Fresh ideas on the homeless….”

Featured

July 11, 2013: After 30 years in the field of family homelessness, working continuously both locally and nationally, it’s become increasingly difficult for me to read newspaper and other online media reports such as this one posted recently in the Los Angeles Times: Fresh ideas to help the homeless (Editorial – July 5, 2013). While the vast majority of readers will glance at the editorial and agree whole-heartedly with its content, this reader instead just feels sad…. These ideas are not NEW! They are NEW only to people who have paid little or no attention to the issue of homelessness as an entrenched social problem in the U.S. for 30 years! Many of us have been addressing the issue on a daily basis for more than two decades thus far, promoting these “fresh ideas” – and this includes not only the dedicated and committed advocates and activists, but also the thousands of ”first responders” who work directly with the men, women and children “on the streets” of our rich country every day.

So of course I am sad. I am sad and angry at the same time – because these solutions that we know work, i.e. housing that is affordable to individuals and families at the lower levels of the socio-economic scale and community safety-nets to catch people in crisis before they fall deeper into the pit we have dug for them – are elusive and out-of-reach to the very people we write about. They are out of reach because of the lack of leadership at the highest levels, political will and partisan fighting. Add to this subtle but entrenched racism and classism and what you have as a result is “increasing homelessness in America” and editorials insisting that what we need are “fresh ideas.”

Of course, while the focus of the news articles is often on “the homeless,” which in itself does a great disservice to educated readers who can’t help but think immediately of the homeless men (and some women) we all see each day on the streets of our big cities, it seems that few editorials are willing to address the greater issue: that of increasing family homelessness (read “infants, toddlers, school-age children, adolescents, and primarily their single mothers trying desperately to raise their children alone”). It would be nice to see an educated and truthful editorial or Op-Ed article about the true tragedy of homelessness in America – that the needs of families with children have been over-ridden by the issue of “chronic homelessness” = i.e. “the homeless” we think of immediately when the subject comes up. I’m not advocating that we choose one group over the other….Instead, I am angry that we have.

Tanya Tull, ScD, President/CEO – Partnering for Change

Housing First for Families in Barcelona, Spain

Featured

May 26, 2013: Partnering for Change presented the following Power Point presentations on Housing First for Families in Barcelona, Spain this month – with a focus on adapting the model to marginally-housed and homeless single parent families there.

Housing First for Families  (English language version – short)

En la Familia la Vivienda es lo Primero (Spanish tranlation)

Just weeks ago, we also participated in a series of spirited strategic planning meetings with NGO’s in New York City; Baltimore, MD; and Norfolk, VA – all struggling to decrease the numbers of homeless families in their communities and prevent additional families from entering their ranks.

There is no question that unstable housing during early childhood and school-age years can have far-reaching detrimental impacts long after housing has been stabilized. Unfortunately, access to safe, adequate, and affordable housing continues to elude low-income families both in this country and abroad. We understand the slums and poor housing conditions in many Third World countries, and tend to downplay and minimize their existence in our more “civil societies.”

Sadly, the majority of homeless and marginally-housed families continue to be single female-headed households. I can’t help but wonder how much the “criminalization of poverty” and the continued second-class status of women in this country (and globally), woven together beneath the surface with sometimes blatant racism and an enduring classism that rears its ugly face in different ways, contribute to this ongoing and seemingly entrenchable dilemma.

But there IS hope and a renewed commitment to work together and share ideas on a global scale. Partnering for Change will be focusing on these issues in the coming months – through partnerships and collaborations both in the U.S. and internationally.

Tanya Tull, ScD – Partnering for Change

Partnering for Change on Citymart.com

Featured

 

Partnering for Change is now a proud member of Citymart.comCityMart is an innovative global marketplace connecting more than 50 global cities with 1,000 providers to accelerate the spread of high-impact solutions to improve the lives of more than 200 million citizens world-wide. Please go to Partnering for Change at www.Citymart.com under “Showcases” to learn more about opportunities to work with Partnering for Change internationally.